Living Root Bridges

Living Root Bridges - One of its kind in the world can be found in the remote corner of North East India These takes almost 25 years to be built and grows stronger with age.


Wanchos are the fearsome tribe from North East Indian State called Nagaland

Holi : Festival of Colors

One of the most vibrant festival of india which can fill your life with Colors. If you miss it, you miss a part of India

The Thar!!

Who says Desert is void of life? -- Enjoy the Sand Dunes and the Camel Ride on the backdrop of a mesmerising Sunset!!! Visit Jaisalmer

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Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.This theme is Bloggerized by Lasantha Bandara -

Saturday, September 27, 2014

Complete Text Translation along with the video of Narendra Modi's Speech at United Nations General Assembly

Mr. President and distinguished delegates, Let me first congratulate you on your election as the President of the 69th session of United Nations General Assembly. It is a truly a great honour to address you for the first time as the Prime Minister of India. I stand here conscious of the hopes and expectations of the people of India. I am also mindful of the expectations of the world from 1.25 billion people. India is a country that constitutes one-sixth of humanity; a nation experiencing economic and social transformation on a scale rarely seen in history. Every nation's world view is shaped by its civilization and philosophical tradition. India's ancient wisdom sees the world as one family. It is this timeless current of thought that gives India an unwavering belief in multilateralism.Today, as I stand here, I am equally aware of the hopes that are pinned on this great assembly. I am struck by the sacred belief that brought us together.An extraordinary vision and a clear recognition of our shared destiny brought us together to build this institution for advancing peace and security, the rights of every human being and economic development for all. From 51 nations then, today 193 sovereign hope. We have achieved much in the past six decades in our mission in ending wars, preventing conflict, maintaining peace, feeding the hungry, striving to save our planet and creating opportunities for children. 69 UN peacekeeping missions since 1948 have made the blue helmet the colour of peace. Today, there is a surge of democracy across the world; including in South Asia; in Afghanistan, we are at a historic moment of democratic transition and affirmation of unity.Afghans are showing that their desire for a peaceful and democratic future will prevail over violence. Nepal has moved from violence to peace and democracy; Bhutan's young democracy is flourishing. Democracy is trying to find a voice in West Asia and North Africa; Tunisia's success makes us believe that it is possible. There is a new stirring for stability, progress and progress in Africa. There is unprecedented spread of prosperity in Asia and beyond, rising on the strength of peace and stability. Latin America, a continent of enormous potential, is coming together in shared pursuit of stability and prosperity, which could make it an important anchor of the world. India desires a peaceful and stable environment for its development. A nation's destiny is linked to its neighbourhood. That is why my Government has placed the highest priority on advancing friendship and cooperation with her neighbours. This includes Pakistan. I am prepared to engage in a serious bilateral dialogue with Pakistan in a peaceful atmosphere, without the shadow of terrorism, to promote our friendship and cooperation. However, Pakistan must also take its responsibility seriously to create an appropriate environment. Raising issues in this forum is not the way to make progress towards resolving issues between our two countries. Instead, today, we should be thinking about the victims of floods in Jammu and Kashmir. In India, we have organised massive flood relief operations and have also offered assistance for Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. India is part of the developing world, but we are prepared to share our modest resources with those countries that need this assistance as much as we do. This is a time of great flux and change. The world is witnessing tensions and turmoil on a scale rarely seen in recent history. There are no major wars, but tensions and conflicts abound; and, there is absence of real peace and uncertainty about the future. An integrating Asia Pacific region is still concerned about maritime security that is fundamental to its future. Europe faces risk of new division. In West Asia, extremism and fault lines are growing. Our own region continues to face the destabilizing threat of terrorism. Africa faces the twin threat of rising terrorism and a health crisis. Terrorism is taking new shape and new name. No country, big or small, in the north or the south, east or west, is free from its threat. Are we really making concerted international efforts to fight these forces, or are we still hobbed by our politics, our territory or use terrorism as instruments of their policy. We welcome efforts to combat terrorism's resurgence in West Asia, which is affecting countries near and far. The effort should involve the support of al countries in the region. Today, even as seas, space and cyber space have become new instruments of prosperity, they could also become a new theatre of conflicts. Today, more than ever, the need for an international compact, which is the foundation of the United Nations, is stronger than before. While we speak of an interdependent world, have we become more united as nations? Today, we still operate in various Gs with different numbers. India, too, is involved in several. But, how much are we able to work together as G1 or G-All? On the one side, we say that our destinies are inter-linked, on the other hand we still think in terms of zero sum game. If the other benefits, I stand to lose. It is easy to be cynical and say nothing will change; but if we do that, we run the risk of shirking our responsibilities and we put our collective future in danger. Let us bring ourselves in tune with the call of our times. First, let us work for genuine peace, No one country or group of countries can determine the course of this world. There has to be a genuine international partnership. This is not just a moral position, but a practical reality. We need a genuine dialogue and engagement between countries. I say this from the conviction of the philosophical tradition that I come from. Our efforts must begin here - in the United Nations. We must reform the United Nations, including the Security Council, and make it more democratic and participative. Institutions that reflect the imperatives of 20th century won't be effective in the 21st. It would face the risk of irrelevance; and we will face the risk of continuing turbulence with no one capable of addressing it. We should put aside our differences and mount a concerted international effort to combat terrorism and extremism. As a symbol of this effort, I urge you to adopt the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism. We should ensure that there will be peace, stability and order in the outer space and cyber space We should work together to ensure that all countries observe international rules and norms. the riddle task of UN peacekeeping; we should involve troop contributing countries in the process of decision making Let us continue redouble our efforts to pursue universal global disarmament and non-proliferation. Second, we must pursue a more stable and inclusive global development. Globalisation has created new poles of growth; new industries; and new source of employment. At the same time, billions live on the edge of poverty and want; countries that are barely able to survive a global economic storm. There has never been a time when it has seemed more possible than now to change this.Technology has made things possible; the cost of providing it has reduced. We no longer are totally dependent on bricks and mortars. If you think of the speed with which Facebook or Twitter has spread around the world, if you think of the speed with which cell phones have spread, then you must also believe that development and empowerment can spread with the same speed. Each country must of course take its own national measures; each government must fulfill its responsibility to support growth and development. At the same time, we also require a genuine international partnership. At one level, it means a better coordination of policy so that our efforts becomes mutually supportive, not mutually damaging. It also means that when we craft agreements on international trade, we accommodate each other's concerns and interests. When we think of the scale of want in the world - 2.5 billion people without access to basic sanitation; 1.3 billion people without access to electricity; or 1.1 billion people without access to drinking water, we need a more comprehensive and concerted direct international action. In India, the most important aspects of my development agenda are precisely to focus on these issues. The eradication of poverty must remain at the core of the Development Agenda and command our fullest attention. Third, we must seek a more habitable and sustainable world There are debates and animals, clean rivers and lakes and blue skies. I want to say three things.One, we should be honest in shouldering our responsibilities in meeting the challenges. The world had agreed on a beautiful balance of collective action - common but differentiated responsibilities. That should form the basis of continued action. This also means that the developed countries must fulfill their commitments for funding and technology transfer. Second, national action is imperative. Technology has made many things possible. We need imagination and commitment.India is prepared to share its technology and capabilities, just as we have announced a free satellite for the SAARC countries. Third, we need to change our lifestyles. Energy not consumed is the cleanest energy. We can achieve the same level of development, prosperity and well being without necessarily going down the path of reckless consumption. It doesn't mean that economies will suffer; it will mean that our economies will take on a different character. For us in India, respect for nature is an integral part of spiritualism. We treat nature s bounties as sacred. Yoga is an invaluable gift of our ancient tradition. Yoga embodies unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfillment; harmony between man and nature; a holistic approach to health and well being. It is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world and the nature. By changing our lifestyle and creating consciousness, it can help us deal with climate change. Let us work towards adopting an International Yoga Day. Finally, We are at a historic moment. Every age is defined by its character; and, each generation is remembered for how it rose together to meet its challenges.We have that responsibility to rise to our challenges now. Nowhere is this more pronounced than in this great assembly, we should ask ourselves whether we should wait until we are 80 or 100. Let us fulfill our promise to reform the United Nations Security Council by 2015. Let us fulfill our pledge on a Development Agenda so that there is new hope and belief in us around the world. Let us make also a new watershed for a sustainable world. Let it be the beginning of a new journey together. Thank you.

Tuesday, March 5, 2013


The black raw forms of those Iron metal of Chattisgarh without doubt describes the reflection of its own people. It shares a nubbiness that describes in bold the quite elegance and dignity of this state.

An interesting variation of a form of iron-smithy that was used originally to make agricultural implements, iron artefacts are created by the lohars  are now being recycled to prepare those beautiful crafts whose value can only be realized once seen by own eyes and would appreciate the work even more once we see those crafts men work on these objects defining their shapes into a object of art.
The method of production is simple. Metal is made malleable  by beating it in furnaces, and then shaping it carefully into basic form using bammer and tongs. Tongs of various sizes are used to bend the metal to form the palms, fingers and feet of the figurines. The eyes, nose, tattoo are then chiseled and hammered  out; and clothes and the decorative elements are made separately and attached .

What amazes me about this craft is the fact that no joints of any kind appear in the products. On completion, a coating of varnish is applied, to enhance its luster. The forms of the hunters, farmers, musicians, animals are all generally made from a single piece of iron, giving them a unique quality. You can have various usable objects like ashtray or an candle stand with in a form of art.

Not only that other likable things like Lamps; effigies of musicians; toy animals like lions, monkeys, and deer; an assortment of figurines and deities; and ritualistic objects like Jhaari and Laman Diya typify the product range.Some of the commonly made objects also include Aadivasi musicians playing the Muhri(Trumpet), Dhapra (Daphli), Tudbudi(Nagada) and the three string sitara, Khutdiya with peacocks, monkeys, lions, deers which are dedicated at weddings and the jhaari of the bhudi goddess. The laman diya is one of the most popular items in wrought iron.

Thursday, July 12, 2012

Girl Molested in Guwahati by the Mob

I am beginning to think if my family  is atall safe in this country. It is hurting to see a teenager to be treated in this manner.The video of the incident that was leaked on YouTube, shows the mob - consisting of around 20 men - beating the girl before stripping her.
Its a shameful act from the city which was known for tolerance.
The way the entire incident took place shows the mean and beastly thoughts that our "Youth" is cultivating in them. 
What troubles me more is the fact that it happened in the city where i had seen the light of my Youth and was always proud to be associated with this part of the country; 
The bomb blasts was always troubling but this savage act has created a jarring thought of insecurity and terrorized my mind more then the inhuman act of taliban. 
The fact that media being there and not even attempting to help is disgraceful. That apart the reporter was not even sensitive to know what to ask the victim. he causes more pain by asking the victim this personal details like name, college etc.... he should have thought about his sister before asking this questions....
Please go through the video and see if you can identify anyone. The bastards should be tortured to death and this should be an example for others. please SMS NDTV at 56388 in case you identify anyone.

Monday, May 14, 2012

Living Root Bridges : Cherrapunjee

“Living Root Bridges”weird….How can Bridges live?
 Someone trying to fool me…..

The First One standing upright
That’s exactly what I thought when I came across the fact that there are bridges made out of roots and that roots are actually one  from a full fledged living tree.  The irony is that I belong to the place, grew up there (70kms from shillong) and it took me more than 30years to  experience the beauty of nature with a human touch.
March 2010 was one of my friend wedding which bought be back to shillong. All credit to him which allowed me to experience the awestruck beauty of nature.
The resort
It was afternoon  when three of us, who otherwise should  have been involved in wedding chorus  took a cab to cherrapunjee. CHERRAPUNJEE!!! The wettest place on earth. It took us almost two hours to reach cherrapunjee. However the destination is further and I thank those few minutes that I spent in Guwahati Airport in the small cabin serviced by Meghalaya Tourism officials, who suggested about the only resort around the location.
Well!!  I was wondering about the decision to come here when  our car was negotiating the slopes. In fact, I was cursing myself for the decision of coming down here as it was getting dark and there was no sight of the resort. Another 20kms deep inside cherrapunjee near the international borders to a village spelled as “Laitkynsew” I came across my destination …”The Resort”. One of the most captivating  place within nature where you can speak a lot about silence.
The dark handsome gentlemen welcomed us with tea and the nearby bon fire. The cold was almost  taking my breath away.  
The silence itself was so enamoring that it cannot be explained with “English words”. Believe me you have to come here to experience the feeling.
Well after the dinner, I was told that a trek of almost 15kms is awaiting us in the morning and “Robert” would be our valued guide.
The morning came little too early and we were ready to plunge in the beauty of nature. 
After a trek of 10kms we came across the river upon which the Bridges were woven  by nature for almost 20years to100 years , so that mankind can thrive  in the adversity of the place.
I came across the first of its kind and was mesmerized by the intricate stunner of nature.
The root bridges, some of which are over a hundred feet long, take ten to fifteen years to become fully functional, but they’re extraordinarily strong – strong enough that some of them can support the weight of fifty or more people at a time. Because they are alive and still growing, the bridges actually gain strength over time – and some of the ancient root bridges used daily by the people of the villages around Cherrapunji may be well over five hundred years old.
The roots belong to commonly called “rubber  tree” also known as “Ficus Elastica”.
Grown from the roots of a rubber tree, the Khasis (tribe in Meghalaya) use betel-tree trunks, sliced down the middle and hollowed out, to create "root-guidance systems." When they reach the other side of the river, they're allowed to take root in the soil. Given enough time a sturdy, living bridge is produced. 
Once the roots have been trained across the stream bed, they anchor in the soil of the opposite bank, providing the foundations for a living bridge. Usually, several roots are threaded together for strength, while others provide handrails and supports for longer spans. Flat stones from the stream bed are used to fill gaps in the bridge floor and, in time, these are engulfed by woody growth and become part of the fabric of the bridge itself.
A root bridge takes around 20 years to become fully functional. Once complete, however, it will probably last for several hundred years and, unlike its non-living counterparts, will actually increase in strength with age.
Known in the Khasi language as jingkieng deingjri (‘bridge of the rubber tree’), the bridges may be anywhere from ten to 30 metres in span. Unlike most artificial structures, they are able to withstand the high level of soil erosion brought about by monsoon rains and, being living material rather than dead wood, are resistant to the ravages of termites.